Archive | May 2012

CAN ONE WOMAN BE A WITNESS IN ISLAM?

A LONE ORCHID: blooms in South Africa

HADITH: How the Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, changed the Condition of Women

 

The Prophet, pbuh, accepted ONE woman’s witness in a crucial matter in spite of opposition by a man. Some people incorrectly think that One woman’s witness is not acceptable in Islam. Not true:

“Uqba bin Harith narrates: I had married a woman but a Black woman came and said that ‘I have breastfed both of you as children.’ I Said to the Prophet, pbuh, I had married such and such woman but this Black woman said that she has fed both of us, and she is a liar. The Prophet, pbuh, turned his face away. I again approached [him] and said: she is a liar. The Prophet, pbuh, said: How can you keep your wife when she [the Black woman] says, she breastfed both of you. Let her go.”

[Hadith in Sahih of Bukhari, kitab-un-nikah.]

Thus in a matter as serious as the annulment of a marriage, Islam accepts ONE WOMAN’s witness. Let none say otherwise. This was at a time when most of the world believed that women are chattel or have no souls.

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WHAT ARE THE PRE-REQUISITES TO THE BOND OF MARRIAGE??

The role of the Wali or guardian has to be filled with wisdom, kindness and love for his daughter or ward, and no personal gain should enter into it :

All of the following hadith guides one into this aspect of the character of the Wali.

Book 11, Number 2068:

Narrated Saburah ibn Ma’bad al-Juhani:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited temporary marriage with women.

Book 11, Number 2080:

Narrated AbuMusa:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no marriage without the permission of a guardian.

Book 11, Number 2090:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Consult women about (the marriage of) their daughters.


Book 11, Number 2091:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

A virgin came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and mentioned that her father had married her against her will, so the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) allowed her to exercise her choice.

Book 11, Number 2088:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: An orphan virgin girl should be consulted about herself; if she says nothing that indicates her permission, but if she refuses, the authority of the guardian cannot be exercised against her will. The full information rest with the tradition narrated by Yazid.

 

All of the above Ahadith are from :Translation of Sunan Abu-Dawud, Book 11:

Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah

WHO CHANGED THE ATTITUDE OF MEN TOWARDS WOMEN?

“The prophet pbuh said” women are like vessels of glass (delicate): Courtesy: http://www.examiner.com/article/mosaic-an-italian-jar-with-an-islamic-pseudo-kufic-design-spotlight-on-the-getty-museum

Men often don’t realize the vulnerabilities of women. Real men, according to Islam, are gentle towards women. There is no place for wife battering or male-dominant attitudes in Islam.

In his efforts to stop male physical violence towards women, the Prophet, pbuh, began with changing the random outward attitudes men have towards women.

He went on to ORDER an end to all physical vioence against women, as well as an end to psychological oppression.

Finally, he ordered the death penalty for proven rape after proper investigation.

Here is a hadith in which the Prophet, pbuh, uses a metaphor about women which a man would never forget. A young black man, probably an Ethiopian, named Unjasha, r.a., was driving with great gusto a camel on which Umm Sulaim, r.a., and other blessed women were riding:

From Unas, r.a.: He said:

The messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, was on a journey and a black youth who was called Unjasha, r.a., was driving a camel and singing [thus causing the camel to gallop]. And the messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, [called out] to him: Slow down, O Unjasha! Travel as if you are carrying vessels of glass! [they can break].

{Hadith, Sahih of Muslim, kitab al-fadail, section 200.}

Vessels of glass!

If men are not careful, they can hurt women without even knowing it, just as careless handling can put a crack in a glass vessel. The vessel might not break or even be visibly damaged but it will have been hurt!

LALA GHÅYLANA: HADITH & QURAN SCHOLAR, TETOUAN, MOROCCO

The town today of Tetouan, Morocco.

GHAYLÅNA (D. 1189/1775)

Lala Ghaylana, daughter of Faqih Muhammad (Fatha) Ghaylan, in Morocco.

She was a scholar of the women of Tetouan. ( A city in Morocco)

Her father taught her the sciences of the Quran, Hadith, Arabic and Fiqh. Many women studied with her, and she gave them fatwas

Tetouan Morocco 2012

Molly Pitcher fighting in the War of independence against the British.: Courtesy: http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/eascfa/dinner_party/heritage_floor/molly_pitcher.php

 

Meanwhile 1775 in American history:

1775 The revolutionary war or the war of independence was being fought in North America against the British and American women were fighting for their life and their homes.

WHO WAS THE FIRST CHILD BORN IN ISLAM?

MASJID AL QUBA: Courtesy of: http://deen-al-islam.org/Muhammad%2014.htm

HADITH: SAHIH MUSLIM:

Book 025, Number 5345:

Asma’ reported that she had become pregnant at Mecca with Abdullah b. Zubair (in her womb) and she (further) said:

I set out (for migration to Medina) as I was in the advanced stage of pregnancy. I came to Medina and got down at the place known as Quba’ and gave birth to a child there.

Then I came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him). He placed him (the child) in his lap and then commanded for the dates to be brought.

He chewed them and then put the saliva in his mouth. The first thing which went into his stomach was the saliva of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).

He then rubbed his palate with dates and then invoked blessings for him and blessed him.

He was the first child who was born in Islam (after Migration).

END HADITH

ARE WOMEN IN MENSES TO BE SHUNNED? HADITH ANSWERS.

Pink Hydrangeas grow in heat and humidity

Women’s Rights: How Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, ended mental enslavement of Women 

For centuries, women in various cultures were taught that when they menstruated, they were to be shunned and outcast. In some cultures, this idea of women’s inferiority owing to menstruation had religious sanction.

Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, taught that menstruation does not take away from women’s dignity, respect and equality in any way whatsoever. To end the old ideas, he taught that a woman could worship Allah in the same clothes in which she had menstruated as soon as the marks of menstruation had been washed off. This historic change in the thinking of women is reflected in a Hadith narrated by ‘Ayesha Siddiqa, the leader of Muslim women r.a. thus:

“Whenever anyone of us got her menses, she, on becoming clean, used to take hold of the blood spot and rub the blood off her garment, and pour water over it and wash that portion thoroughly and sprinkle water over the rest of the garment. After that she would pray in (with) it.”

[Sahih of Bukhari, Vol.1, Book 6, #305.]

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