THE SEQUENTIAL HADITH ON MUT’A (Temporary Marriage):

In response to a question from a Brother on an earlier  post (CLICK HERE TO READ), I am writing this one as the answer is long and needs referential documentation:

PROPHET MUHAMMAD PBUH OUTLAWED MUT’A

Mut’a or temporary marriage was widespread in pagan Arabia along with many other oppressive practices which degraded women.

Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, outlawed muta’ but because it was widespread, it took two phases of banning for it to be stamped out.

1. One was at the battle against the Jews of Khyber.

2. The other at the battle against the pagans at the conquest of Makka also known as the campaign of Awtas.

“Ali, r.a., narrates that temporary marriage [mut’a] was prohibited by the Prophet, pbuh, at Khyber ….”   

Hadith in  the collections of Bukhari, Muslim, Muwatta of Malik, Sunan of Nasai, Tirmizi and ibn Maja] 

Before the battle began, mut’a was permitted. Similarly, according to Arab custom, it was permitted at Awtas  but then: 

“Subra Juhni, r.a., narrates that the messenger of Allah, pbuh, said :

Mut’a was permitted to you but now Allah Almighty has declared it forbidden [haram] for all time to come till the Day of Judgement.”

[Hadith collected by Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasai, ibn Maja and Ahmad ibn Hanbal.   

Mut’a is considered valid by the Shi’a sect because of a twisted interprtetation of a verse in the Qur’an. Hadith is always decisive in interepretation of the Qur’an.

Mut’a is a form of prostitution carried out under the cover of religion.

Women are sexually used in Mut’a for an hour or two or a week or two in exchange for money or a gift. 

End answer

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About Kaukab Siddique PhD

Professor of English, World Literature and Journalism at Lincoln University. Research specialization in Women and Islam

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