THE SEQUENTIAL HADITH ON MUT’A (Temporary Marriage):
In response to a question from a Brother on an earlier post (CLICK HERE TO READ), I am writing this one as the answer is long and needs referential documentation:
PROPHET MUHAMMAD PBUH OUTLAWED MUT’A
Mut’a or temporary marriage was widespread in pagan Arabia along with many other oppressive practices which degraded women.
Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, outlawed muta’ but because it was widespread, it took two phases of banning for it to be stamped out.
1. One was at the battle against the Jews of Khyber.
2. The other at the battle against the pagans at the conquest of Makka also known as the campaign of Awtas.
“Ali, r.a., narrates that temporary marriage [mut’a] was prohibited by the Prophet, pbuh, at Khyber ….”
Hadith in the collections of Bukhari, Muslim, Muwatta of Malik, Sunan of Nasai, Tirmizi and ibn Maja]
Before the battle began, mut’a was permitted. Similarly, according to Arab custom, it was permitted at Awtas but then:
“Subra Juhni, r.a., narrates that the messenger of Allah, pbuh, said :
Mut’a was permitted to you but now Allah Almighty has declared it forbidden [haram] for all time to come till the Day of Judgement.”
[Hadith collected by Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasai, ibn Maja and Ahmad ibn Hanbal.
Mut’a is considered valid by the Shi’a sect because of a twisted interprtetation of a verse in the Qur’an. Hadith is always decisive in interepretation of the Qur’an.
Mut’a is a form of prostitution carried out under the cover of religion.
Women are sexually used in Mut’a for an hour or two or a week or two in exchange for money or a gift.
HADITH: DOUBLE THE REWARD FOR FREEING A FEMALE SLAVE
Bukhari Volume 3, Book 46, Number 720:
Narrated Abu Musa:
Allah’s Apostle said, “He who has a slave-girl and educates and treats her nicely and then manumits and marries her, will get a double reward.”
THE SEVEN BEAUTIFUL RECITATIONS FOR MEN AND WOMEN
BUKHARI: Volume 6, Book 61, Number 513:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas:
Allah’s Apostle said, “Gabriel recited the Qur’an to me in one way. Then I requested him (to read it in another way), and continued asking him to recite it in other ways, and he recited it in several ways till he ultimately recited it in seven different ways.”
Asmå’ : Umar ibn Al Khattabs niece: Hadith transmitter
Asmå’ bint Zayd Al Khattab al-Adawiyya: The daughter of the elder brother of Umar ibn Khattab. She transmitted hadith.
Abu Dawud reports her hadith.
It is said that she was one of the Tabi’un although Ibn Hibban and Ibn Manda considered her to be one of the Companions. (Died 105/723)
IS A WOMAN WHO PRAYS BEHIND A MAN INFERIOR?
A WOMAN WHO PRAYS BEHIND A MAN IS NOT INFERIOR.
This form of prayer is sacred because the Prophet, pbuh, taught it.
Umm Sulaim, r.a. Mother of Anas ibn Malik prayed behind her son. Only an ignorant person would claim that she was inferior to the boy she brought up and taught.
The form of prayer, the formal separation between men and women, has nothing to do with inferiority and superiority. It has to do with MODESTY, which, we learn from Hadith, is an essential part of Faith in Islam.
Prophet Muhammad pbuh reminded us that Modesty and Faith are integral to each other, when one goes the other goes too.
Men and women are equal in reward as Allah says in the Quran:
وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ مِن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا ﴿١٢٤﴾
[4:124] Yusuf Ali
If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female – and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them.
مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ ﴿٩٧﴾
Allah Subhanawataala says in Surat an-Nahl (the Bee): 97
[16:97] Yusuf Ali
Whoever works righteousness, man or woman, and has Faith, verily, to him will We give a new Life, a life that is good and pure and We will bestow on such their reward according to the best of their actions.
وَلَا تَتَمَنَّوْا مَا فَضَّلَ اللَّـهُ بِهِ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ ۚ لِّلرِّجَالِ نَصِيبٌ مِّمَّا اكْتَسَبُوا ۖ وَلِلنِّسَاءِ نَصِيبٌ مِّمَّا اكْتَسَبْنَ ۚ وَاسْأَلُوا اللَّـهَ مِن فَضْلِهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ كَانَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمًا ﴿٣٢﴾
[4:32] Yusuf Ali
And in no wise covet those things in which Allah Hath bestowed His gifts More freely on some of you than on others: To men is allotted what they earn, and to women what they earn: But ask Allah of His bounty. For Allah hath full knowledge of all things.
Thus He subhanawataala is the judge of who is best in actions irrespective of gender.
HOW IS THE RAPIST PUNISHED ACCORDING TO THE HADITH?
Prophet Muhammad pbuh, instituted the death penalty for the RAPIST. Sadly enough Muslims of our times are so far from Islam that they have not implemented this Hadith.
To read the complete Hadith on this CLICK HERE……
If superiority is given to anyone in Islam, it is given to women who are mothers. The prophet, pbuh, put the mother 3 times above the father. The Qur’an puts the mother second only to Allah. The Prophet, pbuh, in Hadith guarantees Paradise to those who bring up their daughters well. He told men that the best among them are those who are best to their wives
. * We must understand RAPE, the ultimate crime against a woman, to be able to understand the world we live in. Most sociologists, psychologists and criminologists agree that rape has little to do with sex and is mostly related to the projection of male power against a helpless victim. It is the ultimate form of terrorism.
* The problem we are facing in uniting activist groups is that those who are politically organized do not focus on the rights of women [or rarely do], and those who support women’s rights do not oppose, actively, war and political oppression.
* From the life of Muhammad, pbuh, we learn that there is a natural link between human rights and women’s rights. Westernized women in Muslim societies are often linked to dictators and oppressors who are backed by western powers and hence are ineffective
Excerpt from a presentation by the author at:
Women’s History Conference in Atlanta
Muslim Women’s Leadership Summit: Sis. Hadayai Majeed Presiding