لا تصوموا حتى تروا الهلال ، ولا تفطروا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فاقدروا له
“Do not commence fasting (Ramadan) till you see the new moon, and do not cease fasting (perform Eid) till you see it. But if the weather is cloudy, or there is a smog in the sky (which prevents sighting of the moon), then complete 30 days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Page 256]
In another narration, the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said,
الشهر تسع وعشرون ليلة ، فلا تصوموا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فأكملوا العدة ثلاثين
“The month sometimes is of twenty-nine days, but do not fast till you see the moon. But if the weather is cloudy or there is a smog, then complete thirty days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Page 256]
The Family As The Nucleus Of The Islamic Civilization: It is essential to gain a perspective of the stature of the family in Islam and how does a healthy family evolve in society.
Islam is quite clear on the issue of sexuality in all of creation. Here are some questions that need reflection:
i. Does Islam extols celibacy as Christianity did?
ii. Does Islam see created beings as singles, each fulfilling itself in itself?
iii. Does Islam see the male principle of life or the female principle of life? as dominant in existence
iv. Does Islam see the male and the female coming together to fulfill themselves and incomplete without each other?
The Quran indicates that the first three parts of this question must be answered with a resounding “no”.
The Islamic worldview is that of couples, not singles. Allah’s view
of the universe, as part of Allah’s process of creation, is described in these
words in the Quran:
And of everything we have created pairs (zaujain) that ye may reflect. (51:49)
That it is He who granted Death and Life; that He did create in pairs
(zaujain)—male and female. (53:45)
And have We not created you in pairs? (78:8)
And the earth, We have spread it out, and set thereon
mountains standing firm, and produced therein every
kind of beautiful growth (in pairs) (zaujain baheej). (50:7)
–you see the earth barren and lifeless, but when We pour
down rain on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells, and it puts
forth every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs). (22:5)
Glory to Him Who created in sexual pairs (al-Azwaj) all
things that the earth produces, as well as their own
(human) kind and (other) things of which they have no
The Arabic word used for pairs in these verses, zaujain, means
sexual couples, and these couples are mentioned in the verses
quoted as signs of Allah. The first verse urges us to reflect on this
phenomenon of creation in pairs so that we might get some notion
of the harmony and peace which is Islam.
The rebirth of the seemingly dead earth (sura 22) after Allah sends rain is
also one of the indications of the happenings, which will occur on Judgment Day
(Yom al-Qiyamah). Thus, the mention of the creation in pairs is linked, in the
Quran, to the mention of the basic beliefs of Islam—that Allah alone is the
Creator and the Nourisher and that we come from Allah and will return to Allah.
The final verse, from sura 36, helps us to realize that along
with vegetable and human life, there may be other forms or beings alive, of whom
we do not know, who have also been created in pairs
In his commentary on some of these verses, Imam Razi points out that one begins
to understand reality by looking at the “marriage” of opposites. In fact,
underlying the principle of harmony is the coming together of different
principles of being. The day is completed by the night, labor by rest, the
world by the hereafter, the male by the female, the man by the woman (or woman
It is this mutuality and completeness, which is essential to Islamic existence.
In this way of life there is no war of sexes, no dominance of one gender by the other. In this context, singleness or celibacy is deplorable and leads to serious problems while (as a general rule) marriage under Islamic principle is fruitful and makes existence complete.
Children must have the care and love of both a father and a mother to be complete human beings; otherwise their psyche is fragmented and their vision of the world is distorted.
Hence, marriage must be based on such solid foundations that divorce or separation does not take place or are very rare.
A society where marriage takes place not between a man and a woman but between the wealth and power of two families is an unislamic society.
Similarly unislamic is a society where marriages are temporary phenomena, based not on the holy sexuality of complete acceptance but on the triviality of physical thrills and the desire to exploit, enjoy, and destroy, and then pass on to someone else.
Book 026, Number 5379:
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying:
Six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim. It was said to him: Allah’s Messenger, what are these? Thereupon he said: When you meet him, offer him greetings;when he invites you to a feast accept it. when he seeks your council give him, and when he sneezes and says:” All praise is due to Allah,” you say Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah show mercy to you) ; and when he fails ill visit him; and when he dies follow his bier.
The Book on Salutations and Greetings (Kitab As-Salam)
Book 042, Number 7093:
‘Urwa b. Zubair reported on the authority of ‘A’isha, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), that she said:
Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) died (in a state) that it never happened that he could eat to his fill the bread with olive oil twice during a day.
The Book Pertaining to Piety and Softening of Hearts (Kitab Al-Zuhd wa Al-Raqa’iq)