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Evidence that women attended jumma salah:

 The daughter of Haritha b. Nu’man said: I did not memorise (Surah) Qaf but from the mouth of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) as he used to deliver the. sermon along with it on every friday.

She also added: Our oven and that of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was one.

(Book #004, Hadith #1893)


*** Photo courtesy of: google search on islam and women

SYRIAN WOMAN HADITH SCHOLAR: Bå’ i Khåtun bint Ali ad-Dimishqiyyah

Forecourt of the Ummayad Mosque in Damascus, 1890: Courtesy :

Bå’ i Khåtun bint Ali ad-Dimishqiyyah: (775/1374-864/1461)

She was a  lady hadith scholar from Syria who lived in Damascus and studied with Abu Bakr Al Mizzi and other scholars.

She had a large number of ijåzas (PhD equivalent Degrees) from Hadith Scholars both men and women.

Al Azhar Mosque 972: Courtesy:

She gave lectures in Syria and then in Cairo

She was a leader among her people and a woman of excellent character.

Excerpt from: Muslim Women, a Biographical Dictionary by Aisha Bewley


The town today of Tetouan, Morocco.

GHAYLÅNA (D. 1189/1775)

Lala Ghaylana, daughter of Faqih Muhammad (Fatha) Ghaylan, in Morocco.

She was a scholar of the women of Tetouan. ( A city in Morocco)

Her father taught her the sciences of the Quran, Hadith, Arabic and Fiqh. Many women studied with her, and she gave them fatwas

Tetouan Morocco 2012

Molly Pitcher fighting in the War of independence against the British.: Courtesy:


Meanwhile 1775 in American history:

1775 The revolutionary war or the war of independence was being fought in North America against the British and American women were fighting for their life and their homes.

Asmå’ : Umar ibn Al Khattabs niece: Hadith transmitter


Asmå’ bint Zayd Al Khattab al-Adawiyya: The daughter of the elder brother of Umar ibn Khattab. She transmitted hadith.

Abu Dawud reports her hadith.

It is said that she was one of the Tabi’un although Ibn Hibban and Ibn Manda considered her to be one of the Companions. (Died 105/723)

Excerpt: Muslim Women : A biographical Dictionary


A lovely tulip shaded with blood red streaks...

[This item is based on Ibn Asakir’s Tarikh ud-damishq.]
One of the most charismatic women in the first Islamic generation after the sahaba was Naila, the daughter of Farafsa. She became famous when in the year 28 of the Hijra she married Usman ibn Affan, r.a.; the third rightly guided Caliph of Islam.

She was from a Christian family in Kufa but was educated in Islam by the greatest woman of Islam, Ayesha Siddiqa, r.a., from whom Naila learned Hadith. She also narrated Hadith from her illustrious husband, ‘Usman, r.a.

[Again this is evidence that Hadith was narrated in the FIRST century of Islam, not in the THIRD as the munkareen e hadith contend.]

In the year 35 hijri, Naila witnessed the tragic murder of her husband Usman, r.a. This great sahabi [companion] of the Prophet, pbuh., was the victim of sectarians who later came to be known as “Shi’as.”  These murderers were so cold-blooded; they cut down Usman, r.a., while he was reading the very Qur’an, which he had compiled. [The blood of Usman, r.a., trickled down to this verse of the Qur’an he was holding:

“…Allah will suffice thee as against them, and He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.” [2:137]

Naila grappled with the assailants but they were determined to kill the elderly Caliph. One of the assailants tore off Naila’s outer garment. At this an African slave whom Usman, r.a., had freed could not bear to see the emerging tragedy and rushed forward and killed the assailant who had grabbed Naila, only to pay with his own life. Then another assassin’s sword came down on Usman, r.a. Naila stopped it with her left hand and her fingers were cut off. The Caliph was martyred thus putting an end to the ideal era of Islamic excellence.

Weeks later, after her hand had healed, Naila, along with a large number of other virtuous women went to the mosque and addressed the people to shame them about their lack of resistance to the sectarians. She spoke at length and with amazing eloquence which mesmerized the crowd, reminding them of the high esteem in which the Prophet, pbuh, held Usman, r.a.

All the classical historians of Islam accept Naila’s narrative of the murder of Usman, r.a. At that time, Muslims did not think that ONE WOMAN’ AS A WITNESS cannot be accepted.

Also famous is the letter which Naila wrote to Ameer Muawiyya, r.a., reminding him of verse 9 of Suraal-Hujurat and chiding him for having failed to send timely help to Caliph Usman, r.a. The way she begins that letter is remarkable, with a calm assumption of equality: “From Naila, the daughter of al-Farafsa, to Muawiyya the son of Abu Sufian”.

K. Siddique PhD


Ai’sha bint Abdullah at-Tabari was a Hadith scholar and historian. She transmitted from her grandfather and uncle with an ijaza.

She wrote a book about the History of at-Tabari

(She died after 776/1375)

Excerpted from: MUSLIM WOMEN: A Biographical Dictionary by Aisha Bewley

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